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Greg Prosmushkin

Brain Injury Lawyer Philadelphia

Traumatic brain injury, otherwise known as TBI , usually results from trauma to the head. This generally occurs because the brain resides in a limited space and is immovable, and as a result anything traumatic that displaces or moves the brain, can cause serious harm to the brain tissue, or a “brain injury”. Brain injury can be stand alone, or associated with spinal discogenic or nerve damage. Brain injury can be neurological, like concussions, contusions, or widespread Catastrophic Injury, or gross intracranial, like a brain bleed or bruise that can increase in size.

A concussion is a brain injury is the direct result of physical force on the brain’s nerve cells, destroying or damaging their function. Concussive brain injury can be present even though there is no physical evidence of any actual trauma anywhere else. It is usually accompanied with a loss of consciousness and being unable to recall anything that happened immediately before and after the event causing the concussion. However, if the concussion lasts more than 15 minutes, then statistically it is likely that the brain injury is a diffuse axonal injury (“DAI”). A cerebral contusion brain injury is essentially visible damage to the brain, which may occur at the site of the head trauma, known as “coup”, or on the opposite side of the brain, known as “counter coup”. Laceration brain injury is tearing of the brain. These injuries are usually associated with depressed skull fractures or penetrating wounds.

Hematoma (bruising) brain injuries occur when blood collects outside the vessels in which blood normally circulates. Hematomas can be epidural, subdural, and intracerebral. An epidural hematoma develops beneath the skull and above the dura, the tough outermost membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Subdural hematoma is probably the most common serious brain injury. Typically, subdural hematoma occurs on one side of the brain above the cerebellum. Intracerebral hematomas are cerebral hemorrhages that are more than 5 millimeters in diameter, and are produced by the same trauma that produces contusions. Intracerebral hematomas usually occur after skull fractures.

Philadelphia Brain Injury Lawyer

Brain injury is usually diagnosed by patient’s history, physical and neuro examinations, psychological and diagnostic testing. Diagnostic testing can include x-rays, cerebral angiography, isotope testing, CT scans, MRI, and positive emission tomography. Where TBI is suspected monitoring for hours is important. Where stroke is possible monitoring may last days.

Brain injury is treated both surgically and non-surgically. Treatment options are not always dispositive. Long term complications of traumatic brain injury can include organic brain syndromes, amnesia, aphasia, and even epilepsy.
A closed head brain injury is caused by the trauma or impact to the head. This can include a Car Accident where the head comes into contact with a part of the automobile or through violent acceleration/deceleration. Other causes include a trip or slip and fall, where the head makes contact with the ground or some other hard object. An assault or an inadvertent strike to the head, with a fist or a hard object, can also cause traumatic brain injury.

If you or your loved ones have suffered a traumatic brain injury as a result of carelessness or negligence of another person or company, contact the Personal Injury Lawyers at the Law Offices of Greg Prosmushkin, P.C. for a free consultation.

This content was written on behalf of Greg Prosmushkin